Category: Biology Essay

Vitamin D in the Human Body

The Sunshine Vitamin Is vitamin D deficiency a worldwide pandemic? Yes, it is. In most cases, the problem starts during the early stages of child development after birth. Severe lack of vitamin D in infants causes permanent alterations in growth of the kid, therefore, becoming a lifetime burden to either the kid or parents, or … Continue reading Vitamin D in the Human Body


Abstract Arthropods constitute above 80% of the described living animal species on Earth. They have an exoskeleton and segmented body parts. They include insects, arachnids, and crustaceans. This discussion gives a critical view of arthropods and discusses what a large scale arthropod would look like based on the knowledge of the features of terrestrial and … Continue reading Arthropods

What Shotgun Sequencing has Uncovered about the Human Microbiome

Introduction The human microbiota consists of microorganisms that live inside as well as on humans and they outnumber the human germ cells and somatic cells ten times (Turnbaugh et al., 2007). The collection of genes of these microbial organisms (the microbiome) provides the characteristics that human beings lack (Zimmer 2010). There are two major techniques … Continue reading What Shotgun Sequencing has Uncovered about the Human Microbiome

Natural Selection and Ecology

Introduction The water body is the biggest habitat on the planet. It covers over 70 percent of the earth surface. In the deep sea, temperatures differ from 100C to 400C. Sea water environment has a constant salinity throughout the year (Benson, Rehbock & International Congress on the History of Oceanography, 2002). At the depth of … Continue reading Natural Selection and Ecology

Genetic Testing

Questions-Answers Question One The implementation of genetic tests should be done when the assessment of the clinical validity and utility is established. According to Borry, Shabani, and Howard (2014), the research done shows that genetics and genomics have advanced faster in the previous decade, but, unfortunately, they did not transform medicine as it was expected. … Continue reading Genetic Testing

Aseptic Technique Lab Report

Introduction Aseptic techniques are deterrent measures that are employed to ensure that laboratory equipment is sterile and pure cultures are not contaminated. All organisms are regarded as potential pathogens. Most of the organisms can be opportunistic and cause infection. Microorganisms are all over the atmosphere, therefore, they rest on the surfaces such as desks, benches, … Continue reading Aseptic Technique Lab Report